Real-time link quality estimation for industrial wireless sensor networks using dedicated nodes

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Ad Hoc Networks, ISSN: 1570-8705, Vol: 59, Page: 116-133

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Ruan D. Gomes; Diego V. Queiroz; Abel C. Lima Filho; Iguatemi E. Fonseca; Marcelo S. Alencar
Elsevier BV
Computer Science
article description
Adaptive mechanisms, such as dynamic channel allocation or adaptive routing, are used to deal with the variations in the link quality of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). In both cases, the first step is to estimate the link quality, so that the network nodes can decide if a channel or route change is needed. This paper proposes a Link Quality Estimator (LQE) for Industrial WSN, and a new type of node, the LQE node, that estimates the link quality in real-time, using the Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI), and information obtained from received data packets. The proposed LQE is capable of capturing the effects of multipath, interference, and link asymmetry. Experiments were performed in a real industrial environment using IEEE 802.15.4 radios, and models were developed to allow the use of RSSI samples to proper estimate the link quality. A comparison was performed with a state-of-the-art LQE, the Opt-FLQE, and the results showed that the proposed estimator is more accurate and reactive for the type of environment in study. Different from other LQEs in literature, in the proposed LQE the sensor nodes do not need to send broadcast probe packets. Besides, using the LQE node, the other nodes of the WSN do not need to stop their operation to monitor the link quality.