The sweet life: The effect of mindful chocolate consumption on mood.

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Appetite, ISSN: 1095-8304, Vol: 108, Issue: 1, Page: 21-27

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Meier, Brian P.; Noll, Sabrina W.; Molokwu, Oluwatobi J.
Elsevier BV
Psychology; Nursing; mindfulness; candy; chocolate; mood; positive affect; Experimental Analysis of Behavior; Social Psychology
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article description
Chocolate consumption is anecdotally associated with an increase in happiness, but little experimental work has examined this effect. We combined a food type manipulation (chocolate vs. crackers) with a mindfulness manipulation (mindful consumption vs. non-mindful consumption) and examined the impact on positive mood. Participants (N = 258) were randomly assigned to eat a small portion (75 calories) of chocolate or a control food (crackers) in a mindful or non-mindful way. Participants who were instructed to mindfully eat chocolate had a greater increase in positive mood compared to participants who were instructed to eat chocolate non-mindfully or crackers either mindfully or non-mindfully. Additional analyses revealed that self-reported liking of the food partially mediated this effect. Chocolate appears to increase positive mood, but particularly when it is eaten mindfully.