Functional Roles for Exosomal MicroRNAs in the Tumour Microenvironment.
- Citation data:
Computational and structural biotechnology journal, ISSN: 2001-0370, Vol: 15, Page: 8-13
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- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Computer Science
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Extracellular microRNAs are released from cells both passively and actively. The presence of these microRNAs in the tumour microenvironment (TME) can significantly impact on the plasticity of cancer cells leading to the promotion of metastatic and angiogenic processes. These extracellular microRNAs can act not only on other cancer cells, but also cells present in the TME, such as immune cells, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, and others acting to subvert the host immune system and drive tumour progression. In this review we highlight the current understanding of both the mechanisms by which microRNAs are released from tumour cells and the downstream functional effects that extracellular microRNAs have on recipient cells.