Direct conversion of glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using a mixture of niobic acid and niobium phosphate as a solid acid catalyst

Citation data:

Fuel, ISSN: 0016-2361, Vol: 210, Page: 67-74

Publication Year:
2017
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DOI:
10.1016/j.fuel.2017.08.035
Author(s):
Mariana N. Catrinck; Emerson S. Ribeiro; Robson S. Monteiro; Rogério M. Ribas; Márcio H.P. Barbosa; Reinaldo F. Teófilo
Publisher(s):
Elsevier BV
Tags:
Chemical Engineering; Energy; Chemistry
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article description
The aim of this work was to optimize the acid-catalyzed conversion of glucose into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in an aqueous medium using niobic acid (NbO), niobium phosphate (NbP) and a mixture of both solid acid catalysts. A simplex-centroid mixture design was applied to optimize the mixture ratio between NbO and NbP. A central composite design was applied to process optimization. The studied variables were temperature (T), time (t) and substrate to catalyst weight ratio (R S/C ). The mixture design revealed excellent glucose conversion (55%) and HMF selectivity (56%) when the weight ratio between NbO and NbP was equal to 1:1. The experimental results demonstrate that a mixture of both solid acids provides a better combination of Brønsted and Lewis acidity for effective glucose dehydration into HMF than each individual catalyst.