Assessment of the co-benefits of structures in coastal areas for tsunami mitigation and improving community resilience in Sri Lanka

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International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, ISSN: 2212-4209, Vol: 23, Page: 80-92

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Ratnayakage Sameera Maduranga Samarasekara; Jun Sasaki; Miguel Esteban; Hirotaka Matsuda
Elsevier BV
Earth and Planetary Sciences; Social Sciences
article description
A quantitative analysis of the co-benefits that structures in coastal communities can have to enhance tsunami disaster resilience is essential to identify the most economical disaster mitigation measures. This research assesses the contribution of a revetment and a coastal railway embankment for enhancing the resilience against tsunamis of two coastal villages (Dimbuldooa and Wenamulla) along the southwestern coast of Sri Lanka. The tsunami mitigation co-benefit of those structures has been presented in monetary terms by equating it to the expected amount of damage that they could prevent from happening. This assessment was carried out through numerical simulations of possible tsunamis which can result from tsunamigenic earthquakes with return periods of between 100 and 1500 years originating in the Andaman zone of the Sunda subduction zone. The results reveal that both types of existing structures have a tsunami mitigation co-beneficial function. However, they might require slight upgrading in order to ensure that they do not suffer significant damage and collapse during the successive waves that form part of a tsunami.