- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics; Medicine
Inclusion of Prameha among the eight major disorders in Charaka Samhita shows the importance of the disease given by ancient seers. The risk of development of blindness in diabetics increases by 20-25 times as compared to the normal population. High prevalence rate of Diabetic Retinopathy (34.6%), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (7%), diabetic macular edema (6.8%), and Vision threatening Diabetic retinopathy (10.2%) in diabetics was great concerns which led to search and analyze the disease process on the basis of modern pathogenesis and different Timirvyadhi mentioned in Ayurvedic authoritative texts. Thus the present study endeavors to discuss the similarities and differences among the various components of Prameha/Madhumehajanya Timir with Diabetic retinopathy and its stages. To establish a probable etiopathogenesis of the disease from Ayurveda prospective, all the important literature of both modern medicine and Ayurveda along with online sources were searched and analyzed. All the three dosha along with Raktadosha and Saptadhatu with four internal Dristipatals of eye are affected in Madhumehajanya timir in different stages of the disease. Avarana and Dhatu kshaya too have important role in development of diabetic retinopathy due to prolonged and uncontrolled hyperglycemia. Agnimandya related Ama formation has a role in pathology of diabetic retinopathy which is quite similar to oxidative theory of diabetic retinopathy explained in modern pathology. Urdhwaga raktapitta, Ojas kshaya, Raktavritta vata, and Pranavritta vyana are other causes in development of diabetic retinopathy.