Price manipulation in the Bitcoin ecosystem

Citation data:

Journal of Monetary Economics, ISSN: 0304-3932

Publication Year:
2018

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DOI:
10.1016/j.jmoneco.2017.12.004
Author(s):
Neil Gandal; Tali Oberman; J. T. Hamrick; Tyler Moore
Tags:
Economics, Econometrics and Finance
article description
To its proponents, the cryptocurrency Bitcoin offers the potential to disrupt payment systems and traditional currencies. It has also been subject to security breaches and wild price fluctuations. This paper identifies and analyzes the impact of suspicious trading activity on the Mt. Gox Bitcoin currency exchange, in which approximately 600,000 bitcoins (BTC) valued at $188 million were fraudulently acquired. During both periods, the USD-BTC exchange rate rose by an average of four percent on days when suspicious trades took place, compared to a slight decline on days without suspicious activity. Based on rigorous analysis with extensive robustness checks, the paper demonstrates that the suspicious trading activity likely caused the unprecedented spike in the USD-BTC exchange rate in late 2013, when the rate jumped from around $150 to more than $1,000 in two months.