Reduced plasma homocysteine levels in elderly Australians following mandatory folic acid fortification – A comparison of two cross-sectional cohorts

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Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism, ISSN: 2352-3859, Vol: 8, Page: 14-20

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Emma Louise Beckett; Charlotte Martin; Lyndell Boyd; Teagan Porter; Katrina King; Suzanne Niblett; Zoe Yates; Martin Veysey; Mark Lucock
Elsevier BV
Medicine; Agricultural and Biological Sciences; Nursing
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In 2009, Australia implemented mandatory folic acid fortification in wheat flour for bread-making. The primary aim was to improve folate status in reproductive-aged women to reduce neural tube defect incidence. However, folic acid consumption has consequently increased in all demographics. Blood folate is inversely associated with homocysteine levels, a risk factor for multiple diseases. Therefore, we assessed the impact of mandatory folic acid fortification on homocysteine levels in elderly Australians.