Structural characterization and magnetic properties of Al 82 Fe 16 TM 2 (TM: Ti, Ni, Cu) alloys prepared by mechanical alloying
- Citation data:
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, ISSN: 0022-3093, Vol: 468, Page: 67-73
- Publication Year:
- Materials Science; Physics and Astronomy
In this work, the structural evolution of Al–16 at.%Fe–2 at.%TM (Transition Metals (TM): Ti, Ni, Cu) alloys during mechanical alloying and their magnetic properties were investigated. The evolution of the phase composition and microstructure of the alloys with the milling time was studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The phase composition of the alloys was determined using the Rietveld refinement of the XRD profiles. It was shown that the interaction between the components of the powder mixtures during milling started with dissolution of Fe in the Al crystalline lattice and Al in the Fe crystalline lattice. Upon further milling, ferromagnetic AlFe 3 (DO3) formed and further transformed into paramagnetic bcc-AlFe and later into an amorphous phase. It was found that the TM alloying elements significantly influence the kinetics of the transformations during milling: the Al 82 Fe 16 Ti 2 alloy was fully amorphous after 40 h of milling, the Al 82 Fe 16 Ni 2 alloy required 50 h of milling to achieve complete amorphization, and the Al 82 Fe 16 Cu 2 alloy was only partially amorphous after 60 h of milling. The interpretation of the observed alloying effect has been proposed. The magnetic properties of the alloys were correlated with the results of the structural characterization.