Serum responsive proteome reveals correlation between oxidative phosphorylation and morphogenesis in Candida albicans ATCC10231.

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Journal of proteomics, ISSN: 1876-7737

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Ahmed, Radfan; Kodgire, Santosh; Santhakumari, B; Patil, Rajendra; Kulkarni, Mahesh; Zore, Gajanan
Elsevier BV
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
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To understand the impact of fetal bovine serum (FBS) on metabolism and cellular architecture in addition to morphogenesis, we have identified FBS responsive proteome of Candida albicans. FBS induced 34% hyphae and 60% pseudohyphae in C. albicans at 30 °C while 98% hyphae at 37 °C. LC-MS/MS analysis revealed that 285 proteins modulated significantly in response to FBS at 30 °C and 37 °C. Out of which 152 were upregulated and 62 were downregulated at 30 °C while 18 were up and 53 were downregulated at 37 °C. Functional annotation suggests that FBS may inhibit glycolysis and fermentative pathway and enhance oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos), TCA cycle, amino acid and fatty acid metabolism indicating a use of alternative energy source by C. albicans. OxPhos inhibition assay using sodium azide corroborated the correlation between inhibition of glycolysis and enhanced OxPhos with pseudohyphae formation. C. albicans induced hyphae in response to FBS irrespective of down regulation of Ras1,Asr1/Asr2, indicates the possible involvement of MAPK and cAMP-PKA independent pathway. The Cell wall of cells grown in presence of FBS at 30 °C was rich in mannan, Beta 1,3-glucan and chitin while membranes were rich in ergosterol compared to those grown at 37 °C.