An automatic detection of focal EEG signals using new class of time–frequency localized orthogonal wavelet filter banks

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Knowledge-Based Systems, ISSN: 0950-7051, Vol: 118, Page: 217-227

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Manish Sharma; Abhinav Dhere; Ram Bilas Pachori; U. Rajendra Acharya
Elsevier BV
Computer Science; Business, Management and Accounting; Decision Sciences
article description
It is difficult to detect subtle and vital differences in electroencephalogram (EEG) signals simply by visual inspection. Further, the non-stationary nature of EEG signals makes the task more difficult. Determination of epileptic focus is essential for the treatment of pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. This requires accurate separation of focal and non-focal groups of EEG signals. Hence, an intelligent system that can detect and discriminate focal–class (FC) and non–focal–class (NFC) of EEG signals automatically can aid the clinicians in their diagnosis. In order to facilitate accurate analysis of non-stationary signals, joint time–frequency localized bases are highly desirable. The performance of wavelet bases is found to be effective in analyzing transient and abrupt behavior of EEG signals. Hence, we employ a novel class of orthogonal wavelet filter banks which are localized in time–frequency domain to detect FC and NFC EEG signals automatically. We classify EEG signals as FC and NFC using the proposed wavelet based system. We compute various entropies from the wavelet coefficients of the signals. These entropies are used as discriminating features for the classification of FC and NFC of EEG signals. The features are ranked using Student’s t -test ranking algorithm and then fed to Least Squares-Support Vector Machine (LS–SVM) to classify the signals. Our proposed method achieved the highest classification accuracy of 94.25%. We have obtained 91.95% sensitivity and 96.56% specificity, respectively, using this method. The classification of FC and NFC of EEG signals helps in localization of the affected brain area which needs to undergo surgery.