Selective and concurrent detection of viable Salmonella spp. , E. coli , Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli O157:H7, and Shigella spp., in low moisture food products by PMA-mPCR assay with internal amplification control

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LWT, ISSN: 0023-6438, Vol: 86, Page: 586-593

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Aravind Shekar; Litty Babu; Shylaja Ramlal; Murali Harishchandra Sripathy; Harshvardhan Batra
Elsevier BV
Agricultural and Biological Sciences
article description
Salmonella enterica, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus are major pathogens contaminating low moisture foods. E. coli and Shigella spp. may acquire significance in future since cross-contamination plays a critical role in outbreaks involving low moisture foods. This study investigated a PMA-IAC-mPCR for rapid, reliable and simultaneous detection of viable Salmonella spp., E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli O157:H7, and Shigella spp., in low moisture foods. Propidium monoazide (PMA) was applied to detect only viable cells by eliminating PCR signal from dead cells. In addition, an internal amplification control (IAC) was included in the multiplex PCR as an indicator of false negative results arising due to inhibitors in low moisture foods. The sensitivity of the assay for viable cells with PMA treatment was 10 2 –10 3  CFU/mL for all the target pathogens reflecting the non-influence of PMA treatment on sensitivity. After 10 h enrichment, the PMA-IAC-mPCR could detect 10 1  CFU/g of Salmonella spp., E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli O157:H7, and Shigella spp., in artificially inoculated low moisture foods (peanut butter, chocolate, milk powder and egg powder). This PMA-IAC-mPCR assay would find its promising application in simultaneous detection of these viable target pathogens in low moisture foods.