Induction of the chromosomal translocation t(14;18) by targeting the BCL-2 locus with specific binding I-125-labeled triplex-forming oligonucleotides.

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Mutation research, ISSN: 1873-135X, Vol: 823, Page: 58-64

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Dahmen, Volker; Schmitz, Sabine; Kriehuber, Ralf
Elsevier BV
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Environmental Science
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Triplex-Forming oligonucleotides (TFO) bind sequence-specific to the DNA double helix in-vitro and in-vivo and are a promising tool to manipulate genes or gene regulatory elements. TFO as a carrier molecule for short-range particle emitter such as Auger-Electron-Emitters (AEE) bear the potential to introduce radiation-induced site-specific complex DNA lesions, which are known to induce chromosomal translocations. We studied gene expression, translocation frequency and protein expression in SCL-II cells after transfection with the AEE Iodine-125 (I-125) labeled TFO-BCL2 targeting the human BCL2 gene. The TFO-BCL2 binds to the BCL2 gene in close proximity to a known major-breakage-region (mbr). SCL-II cells were transfected with I-125 labeled TFO and stored for decay accumulation. Monitoring of BCL2 translocations was done with the Fluorescence-In-Situ-Hybridization (FISH) method. The utilized FISH probes were designed to detect a t(14;18) translocation of the BCL2 gene, which is a common translocation leading to an overexpression of BCL2 protein. Analysis of BCL2 gene expression levels was done via quantitative Real-Time PCR. Verification of gene expression on the protein level was analyzed by Western blotting. The relative gene expression of BCL2 in I-125-TFO-BCL2 transfected cells showed a significant up-regulation when compared to controls. Analysis of the BCL2 t(14;18) translocation frequency revealed a significant 1.8- to 2-fold increase when compared to control cells. This 2-fold increase was not reflected on the protein level. We conclude that I-125 decays within the BCL2 gene facilitate the t(14;18) chromosomal translocation in the SCL-II cells and that the increased frequency contributes to the observed overall enhanced BCL2 gene expression.