Ketogenic Metabolism Inhibits Histone Deacetylase (HDAC) and Reduces Oxidative Stress After Spinal Cord Injury in Rats.
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Neuroscience, ISSN: 1873-7544, Vol: 366, Page: 36-43
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The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of ketogenic metabolism, induced by different diet interventions, on histone acetylation and its potential antioxidant capacity to injured spinal cord tissue in rats. 72 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, fed with ketogenic diet (KD), every other day fasting (EODF), every other day ketogenic diet (EODKD) and standard diet (SD) respectively for 2 weeks. β-Hydroxybutyrate (βOHB) concentration was measured both in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). C5 spinal cord tissue was harvested before, at 3 h and 24 h after injury for analysis of HDAC activity, histone acetylation and oxidative makers. All three dietary interventions resulted in a significant increase of βOHB level in both serum and CSF, and inhibited HDAC activity by 31-43% in spinal cord. Moreover, the expressions of acetylated histone AcH3K9 and AcH3K14 were significantly increased. Anti-oxidative stress genes Foxo3a and Mt2 and related proteins, such as mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (SOD), FOXO3a, catalase were increased in dietary intervention groups. After SCI, high ketogenic metabolism demonstrated significant reduction of the expression of lipid peroxidation factors malondialdehyde (MDA), and this might contribute to the reported neuroprotection of the spinal cord from oxidative damage possibly mediated by increasing SOD. The result of this study suggested that by inhibiting HDAC activity and modifying related gene transcription, ketogenic metabolism, induced by KD, EODF or EODKD, might reduce oxidative damage in the spinal cord tissue after acute injury.