How BIS/BAS and psycho-behavioral variables distinguish between social withdrawal subtypes during emerging adulthood

Citation data:

Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN: 0191-8869, Vol: 119, Page: 283-288

Publication Year:
Usage 236
Abstract Views 213
Link-outs 23
Captures 70
Readers 69
Exports-Saves 1
Mentions 22
News Mentions 14
Blog Mentions 7
Economics Blog Mentions 1
Social Media 2607
Tweets 2570
Shares, Likes & Comments 37
Citations 6
Citation Indexes 6
Julie C. Bowker; Miriam T. Stotsky; Rebecca G. Etkin
Elsevier BV
Most Recent Tweet View All Tweets
Most Recent Blog Mention
Most Recent Economics Blog Mention
Most Recent News Mention
article description
Informed by past theory and research on social withdrawal, the aims of this study were to investigate whether three subtypes of social withdrawal (shyness, avoidance, unsociability) are related with BIS and BAS, as hypothesized by leading theories. Also of interest was whether these three withdrawal subtypes are related uniquely to different theoretically-indicated outcomes during emerging adulthood, a developmental period that has received very little empirical attention in this area of research. Participants were 295 ( M age = 19.31 years) emerging adults who completed self-report measures assessing different motivations for social withdrawal, aggression, anxiety sensitivity, creativity, social anhedonia, and BIS/BAS. Structural equation modeling revealed findings that challenge theoretical models that assume that specific and varying combinations of BIS and BAS underlie different withdrawal subtypes. The models also revealed new evidence of specific and non-specific associations, including the first evidence of a potential benefit (creativity) associated with unsociability.