Effect of structural disparity of graphene-based materials on thermo-mechanical and surface properties of thermoplastic polyurethane nanocomposites

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Polymer, ISSN: 0032-3861, Vol: 119, Page: 118-133

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Madhab Bera; Pradip K. Maji
Elsevier BV
Materials Science; Chemistry
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Nanocomposites based on thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) and graphene-based materials such as graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was synthesized by in-situ solution polymerization technique. The effect of structural differences between GO and RGO in the thermo-mechanical and surface properties of TPU at ultralow concentration was the foremost aspiration of this work. TPU/GO nanocomposites exhibited superior mechanical properties compared to TPU/RGO nanocomposites at very low loading. With the incorporation of 0.10 wt% of GO, the resultant nanocomposite showed 280% increase in tensile strength and 410% increase in toughness. Interestingly, the elongation at break nanocomposite increased from 588% for pristine TPU to 1006% for TPU/GO-0.10. Property improvement of RGO filled nanocomposite was not so prominent as compared to GO filled nanocomposites. Thermal stability of the nanocomposites as examined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) depicted a 12 °C increase in thermal stability for 0.2 wt% GO filled nanocomposite whereas the same for RGO filled nanocomposite was only 6 °C. Contact angle study revealed that the RGO filled nanocomposites were becoming more hydrophobic whereas GO filled nanocomposites films showed the opposite trend.