Retrato de Konovalets Evguén Mijáilovich Konovalets Záshkiv, 14 de junio de 1891-Róterdam, 23 de mayo de 1938) fue un activista nacionalista ucraniano, fundador de la Organización Militar Ucraniana y la Organización de Nacionalistas Ucranianos. Biografía Nacido en Záshkiv (rei...
The Fascist Kernel of Ukrainian Genocidal Nationalism
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The Carl Beck Papers in Russian and East European Studies, ISSN: 2163-839x, Issue: 2402
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This article briefly presents the history of the radical form of Ukrainian nationalism paying especial attention to the geopolitical circumstances which formed this movement. Then, it analyzes some aspects of this phenomenon such as its main ideologists, racism, antisemitism, religion, rituals, leaders, concepts of revolution, and the ethnic, political and mass violence conducted before, during and after the Second World War. The article argues that the extreme and genocidal form of Ukrainian nationalism did have a fascist kernel and should be considered a form of European or East Central European fascism. Nevertheless, because of the specific cultural, social and political Ukrainian circumstances the radical form of Ukrainian nationalism differed from better known fascist movements such as German National Socialism or Italian Fascism, and thus it requires a careful and adequate investigation.