Naturalized teleology: The concepts of function, fitness and adaptation in natural selection theory

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Theoria (Spain), ISSN: 0495-4548, Vol: 28, Issue: 1, Page: 97-114

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Gustavo Caponi
Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del PaĆ­s Vasco
Arts and Humanities
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In Natural Selection Theory, the concept of biological function must be supposed to elucidate the concept of fitness; and this one must be supposed to elucidate the concept of adaptation and also to explain the phenomenon to which the last one alludes. These three concepts, on the other hand, are specifications of three concepts of more universal application. The concept of biological function is a particular case of the general concept of function; and the concept of fitness is a specification of the concept of efficiency. The concept of adaptation, meanwhile, specifies the concept of design. The visualization of these conceptual joints allows to understanding the legitimacy of the naturalization of the teleology produced by the Darwinism.

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