The Hypothetical versus the Fictional

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European Journal for Philosophy

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Liu, Chuang
preprint description
In this essay I argue against the idea that modeling in science is analogous to fiction making in literary works by pointing out that a typical move in the former, which is widely acknowledged in philosophy literature as a signal for fictionalization, is never present in works of fiction (not even in science fiction). I further argue that the reason for such a disparity is profound and profoundly against conceiving modeling as fictionalization. I then explain the difference between the hypothetical and the fictional, and argue that modeling in science belongs to the former.