Choosing the Analytic Component of Theories

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Lutz, Sebastian
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preprint description
I provide a compact reformulation of Carnap's conditions of adequacy for the analytic and the synthetic component of a theory and show that, contrary to arguments by Winnie and Demopoulos, the conditions need not be supplemented. Specifically, the axiomatization and the observational vocabulary of a theory determine its synthetic component uniquely but leave some freedom in the choice of its analytic component. This throws a new light on the process of the rational reconstruction of theories and renders adequate a suggestion by Bedard for the interpretation of theoretical terms (when expressed within the confines of standard predicate logic). I suggest a possible analytic component for theories that is stronger than the Carnap sentence and thus closer to Bedard's suggestion.