Reference Models: Using Models to Turn Data into Evidence
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- Methodology; Models; Idealization; Evidence; Newton; Geophysics; Earth Science
Reference models of the earth’s interior play an important role in the acquisition of knowledge about the earth’s interior and the earth as a whole. Such models are used as a sort of standard reference against which data are compared. I argue that the use of reference models merits more attention than it has gotten so far in the literature on models, for it is an example of a method of doing science that has a long and significant history, and a study of reference models could increase our understanding of this methodology.