Understanding Scientific Study via Process Modeling

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Foundations of Science, ISSN: 1233-1821, Vol: 15, Issue: 1, Page: 49-78

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Robert W. P. Luk
Springer Nature; Springer
Multidisciplinary; Arts and Humanities
article description
This paper argues that scientific studies distinguish themselves from other studies by a combination of their processes, their (knowledge) elements and the roles of these elements. This is supported by constructing a process model. An illustrative example based on Newtonian mechanics shows how scientific knowledge is structured according to the process model. To distinguish scientific studies from research and scientific research, two additional process models are built for such processes. We apply these process models: (1) to argue that scientific progress should emphasize both the process of change and the content of change; (2) to chart the major stages of scientific study development; and (3) to define "science". © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.