Understanding Scientific Study via Process Modeling

Citation data:

Foundations of Science, ISSN: 1233-1821, Vol: 15, Issue: 1, Page: 49-78

Publication Year:
2010
Usage 1151
Abstract Views 573
Downloads 296
Full Text Views 282
Captures 58
Exports-Saves 40
Readers 18
Social Media 1
Tweets 1
Citations 3
Citation Indexes 3
Repository URL:
http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11603
DOI:
10.1007/s10699-009-9168-9
Author(s):
Robert W. P. Luk
Publisher(s):
Springer Nature; Springer
Tags:
Multidisciplinary; Arts and Humanities
article description
This paper argues that scientific studies distinguish themselves from other studies by a combination of their processes, their (knowledge) elements and the roles of these elements. This is supported by constructing a process model. An illustrative example based on Newtonian mechanics shows how scientific knowledge is structured according to the process model. To distinguish scientific studies from research and scientific research, two additional process models are built for such processes. We apply these process models: (1) to argue that scientific progress should emphasize both the process of change and the content of change; (2) to chart the major stages of scientific study development; and (3) to define "science". © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.