A Game-Theoretic Approach to Peer Disagreement

Citation data:

Erkenntnis, ISSN: 0165-0106, Vol: 81, Issue: 6, Page: 1345-1368

Publication Year:
2016
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Repository URL:
http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11878
DOI:
10.1007/s10670-015-9800-8
Author(s):
Remco Heesen, Pieter van der Kolk
Publisher(s):
Springer Nature, Springer (Springer Science+Business Media B.V.)
Tags:
Arts and Humanities, Mathematics
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article description
In this paper we propose and analyze a game-theoretic model of the epistemology of peer disagreement. In this model, the peers’ rationality is evaluated in terms of their probability of ending the disagreement with a true belief. We find that different strategies—in particular, one based on the Steadfast View and one based on the Conciliatory View—are rational depending on the truth-sensitivity of the individuals involved in the disagreement. Interestingly, the Steadfast and the Conciliatory Views can even be rational simultaneously in some circumstances. We tentatively provide some reasons to favor the Conciliatory View in such cases. We argue that the game-theoretic perspective is a fruitful one in this debate, and this fruitfulness has not been exhausted by the present paper.

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