The Heuristic Identity Theory and Brain Reward Function: A Case of Mistaken Identity Theory
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This paper employs a case study from the history of neuroscience—-brain reward function-—to scrutinize the inductive argument for the so-called ‘Heuristic Identity Theory’ (HIT). The case not only disconfirms HIT, but illustrates why other case studies previously thought to support HIT also fold under scrutiny. After further scrutiny, we conclude that HIT is not an alternative to the traditional identity theory so much as an epicycle on the mechanistic approach to explanation.