This is a list of works addressing the subject or the themes of intelligent design. Non-fiction Supportive non-fiction Supportive non-fiction books Michael J. Behe. Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution, New York: Free Press, 1996. Michael J. Behe, William...
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If intelligent design (ID) is to compete with evolutionary theory (ET), it must meet the modiﬁed falsiﬁability challenge, that is, make some deductive or probabilistic observational assertions. It must also meet the modiﬁed translatability challenge, which it fails if ET makes all the observational assertions of ID, while ID does not make all the observational assertions of ET. I discuss four prominent and surprisingly diverse formulations of ID and show that each either fails one of the two challenges or is analytically false.