Bell Correlations in Quantum Field Theory

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Thiang, Guo Chuan
preprint description
Bell correlations are the hallmark of quantum non-locality, and a rich context for analysing them is provided by the algebraic approach to quantum field theory (AQFT): the basic idea is to associate with each bounded region O of Minkowski spacetime an algebra A(O) of operators, of which a self-adjoint element P ∈ A(O) represents a physical quantity pertaining to that part of the field system lying in O, that is measurable by a procedure confined to O. The violation of Bell inequalities in AQFT is known to be "generic", as regards the choices of regions O, and of quantities P, and of states. Furthermore, they are typically "maximal" and "indestructible" in a sense that can be made mathematically precise. The prospects for “peaceful coexistence” between quantum non-locality and relativity theory’s requirement of no action-at-a-distance are also explored. The purpose of this Essay is to review the developments in these areas.