The Logic of Partitions: Introduction to the Dual of the Logic of Subsets

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Review of Symbolic Logic, Vol: 3, Issue: 2, Page: 287-350

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Ellerman, David
Association for Symbolic Logic
article description
Partitions on a set are dual to subsets of a set in the sense of the category-theoretic duality of epimorphisms and monomorphisms--which is reflected in the duality between quotient objects and subobjects throughout algebra. Modern categorical logic as well as the Kripke models of intuitionistic logic suggest that the interpretation of ordinary "propositional" logic might be the logic of subsets of a given universe set. If "propositional" logic is thus seen as the logic of subsets of a universe set, then the question naturally arises of a dual logic of partitions on a universe set. This paper is an introduction to that logic of partitions dual to classical subset logic. The paper goes from basic concepts up through the correctness and completeness theorems for a tableau system of partition logic.