Ambivalence and Conflict: Catholic Church and Evolution

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Wolters, Gereon
conference paper description
Somewhat traumatized by the Galileo Affair the Church until recently showed low profile in the (unavoidable) conflicts with science, evolutionary theory included. The talk presents a categorization of possible relationships between science and religion by distinguishing between "Galilean conflicts", which are about mutually exclusive statements about matters of fact, and Freudian conflicts where an empirical science tries to explain away religion as a phenomenon in its own right. In the light of this distinction I deal with the reactions of the Church since 1859, particularly with the ambiguous position of the present Pope.