Extended cognition in science communication.

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Public understanding of science (Bristol, England), ISSN: 1361-6609, Vol: 23, Issue: 8, Page: 982-95

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Ludwig, David
SAGE Publications
Social Sciences; Psychology; Arts and Humanities
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article description
The aim of this article is to propose a methodological externalism that takes knowledge about science to be partly constituted by the environment. My starting point is the debate about extended cognition in contemporary philosophy and cognitive science. Externalists claim that human cognition extends beyond the brain and can be partly constituted by external devices. First, I show that most studies of public knowledge about science are based on an internalist framework that excludes the environment we usually utilize to make sense of science and does not allow the possibility of extended knowledge. In a second step, I argue that science communication studies should adopt a methodological externalism and accept that knowledge about science can be partly realized by external information resources such as Wikipedia.