Colombian Immigrants In The United States Of America: Education Levels, Job Qualifications And The Decision To Go Back Home

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Banco de la Republica de Colombia, Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, ISSN: 0120-4483, Vol: 29, Issue: 65, Page: 12-59, No: 65

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Carlos Alberto Medina; Enrique López; Martha Misas
Centro de Apoyo a la Investigacion Economica; Banco de la República; Banco de la República de Colombia
Economics, Econometrics and Finance; Social Sciences; Migración internacional; Emigrantes retornados; Habilidades por tareas; Sesgo de contaminación; F20 - International Factor Movements and International Business: General; F22 - International Migration; C49 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: Other; International migration; Returned migrants; Task qualification; Contamination bias; Inmigrantes colombianos -- Estados Unidos; Inmigrantes colombianos -- Aspectos socioeconómicos -- Estados Unidos; Inmigrantes colombianos -- Educación -- Estados Unidos; Estatus profesional -- Migración e inmigración -- Estados Unidos; F20 - Movimientos internacionales de factores y actividad económica internacional: Generalidades; F22 - Migraciones internacionales; C49 - Métodos econométricos y estadísticos: temas especiales: Otros; International migration, returned mi¬grants, task qualification, contamination bias.; International Migration, Returned Migrants, Task Qualification, contamination bias
article description
This document shows that Colombian immigrants, who returned to the country from the United States between 1990 and 2005, were on average less well-educated than those who decided to stay in the U.S. This is a fact that has contributed to emphasizing the positive selection made by Colombians when choosing the U.S. as their destination, and, as a result, has increased the net flight of human capital (the so-called brain drain). Although data does not allow us to include the quality of the jobs that immigrants are performing in the U.S. as a determinant of the decision to return, it allows us to show that Colombian immigrants are usually engaged in jobs that require qualifications commensurate with the level of education. We also provide evidence that Colombia is a net exporter of 5% of its population with a university or post-graduate degree.