La pobreza en Santa Marta: Los Estragos del Bien

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Documento de Trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana ; No. 266

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Meisel-Roca, Adolfo; Ricciulli-Marin, Diana
Banco de la República de Colombia
Santa Marta; Pobreza; Educación; I32 - Medición y análisis de la pobreza; I38 - Government Policy; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs; R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics; Poverty; Education; Economía; Finanzas públicas; Factores que afectan el comportamiento social; I38 - Política pública; Provisión y efectos de los programas de bienestar; R23 - Migración regional; Mercado de trabajo regional; Población; Características del vecindario; Santa Marta, pobreza, educación
paper description
In 1985, Santa Marta was the city with the lowest level of structural poverty in the Caribbean region. Three decades later, in 2017, Santa Marta had the third highest monetary poverty rate in the region, only lower than Riohacha and Valledupar. The purpose of this paper is threefold. First, to characterize poverty and its spatial dimension in Santa Marta. Second, to understand the causes of the lag in poverty reduction. And third, to propose a set of investments to overcome this lag. The analysis shows that one of the main factors associated with poverty in the city was the massive arrival of displaced people starting in 1990. The maps, meanwhile, show the appearance of misery belts in the surrounding foothills and in some areas inside the urban perimeter, where poverty is correlated with informality and low educational attainment of the population. All in all, results reveal investment priorities in four sectors: education, housing, water and sewage, and employment.