The Application of Self-Determination Theory among Chinese Populations: The Application of Self-Determination Theory among Chinese Populations

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Advances in Psychological Science, ISSN: 1671-3710, Vol: 21, Issue: 10, Page: 1803-1813

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Liu, Jingdong; Chung, Pak-Kwong; Si, Gangyan
China Science Publishing & Media Ltd.; 中国科学院心理研究所
中国人; 基本心理需求; 动机; 社会因素; 目标内容; Chinese; basic psychological needs; motivation; social factor; goal content; Health and Physical Education
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自我决定理论是一个研究人类动机和人格的宏观理论。该理论是目前在国外众多领域内得到广泛关注的心理学动机理论之一, 但在国内尚未得到研究者们应有的重视。本研究对该理论在中国人人群的应用进行了系统的回顾和总结。发现中文文献以论述类研究为主, 英文文献均为实证类研究。研究主要集中在教育、体育锻炼、组织管理、和心理健康等领域。未来研究需进一步检验自我决定理论在其他领域中国人人群的应用, 以及探讨影响中国人基本心理需求满足、目标内容形成、以及动机内化的个体及社会因素。Self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 1985a; 2000) is a macro-theory of human motivation and personality. As one of the most important motivational theories, SDT has drawn a lot of interests among researchers from different countries and various disciplines. However, it has not received enough attention from Chinese researchers. The current study gave a systematic review on the literatures relating to SDT which published in both Chinese journals and English journals that with Chinese as participants. It is found that the Chinese papers are mainly review studies, whereas all English papers are empirical studies. In addition, most of these studies are related to education, sport and exercise, organization/management, and psychological health. Further studies should examine the application of SDT among Chinese populations in other fields and investigate the social and individual factors that influence Chinese people’s satisfaction of basic psychological needs, formation of goal content, and internalization of motivation.