Synergistic Interlayer and Defect Engineering in VS Nanosheets toward Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reaction.

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Small (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), ISSN: 1613-6829, Vol: 14, Issue: 9

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Zhang, Junjun; Zhang, Chenhui; Wang, Zhenyu; Zhu, Jian; Wen, Zhiwei; Zhao, Xingzhong; Zhang, Xixiang; Xu, Jun; Lu, Zhouguang
Wiley; Wiley-Blackwell
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Materials Science; Engineering; Hydrogen Evolution Reaction; Nanosheets; Transition-metal Dichalcogenides; Interlayer Expansion; Vs2
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A simple one-pot solvothermal method is reported to synthesize VS nanosheets featuring rich defects and an expanded (001) interlayer spacing as large as 1.00 nm, which is a ≈74% expansion as relative to that (0.575 nm) of the pristine counterpart. The interlayer-expanded VS nanosheets show extraordinary kinetic metrics for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), exhibiting a low overpotential of 43 mV at a geometric current density of 10 mA cm , a small Tafel slope of 36 mV dec , and long-term stability of 60 h without any current fading. The performance is much better than that of the pristine VS with a normal interlayer spacing, and even comparable to that of the commercial Pt/C electrocatalyst. The outstanding electrocatalytic activity is attributed to the expanded interlayer distance and the generated rich defects. Increased numbers of exposed active sites and modified electronic structures are achieved, resulting in an optimal free energy of hydrogen adsorption (∆G ) from density functional theory calculations. This work opens up a new door for developing transition-metal dichalcogenide nanosheets as high active HER electrocatalysts by interlayer and defect engineering.