Constitutive modeling of void-growth-based tensile ductile failures with stress triaxiality effects

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Applied Mathematical Modelling, ISSN: 0307-904X, Vol: 38, Issue: 13, Page: 3212-3221

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A. Mora; J. X. Liu; T. El Sayed; R. Pellicano
Elsevier BV; Elsevier
Mathematics; Fracture strain; Stress triaxiality; Variational constitutive model; Void growth and coalescence
article description
In most metals and alloys, the evolution of voids has been generally recognized as the basic failure mechanism. Furthermore, stress triaxiality has been found to influence void growth dramatically. Besides strain intensity, it is understood to be the most important factor that controls the initiation of ductile fracture. We include sensitivity of stress triaxiality in a variational porous plasticity model, which was originally derived from hydrostatic expansion. Under loading conditions rather than hydrostatic deformation, we allow the critical pressure for voids to be exceeded so that the growth due to plasticity becomes dependent on the stress triaxiality. The limitations of the spherical void growth assumption are investigated. Our improved constitutive model is validated through good agreements with experimental data. Its capacity for reproducing realistic failure patterns is also indicated by a numerical simulation of a compact tensile (CT) test.