Three-Dimensional Heterostructures of MoS2 Nanosheets on Conducting MoO2 as an Efficient Electrocatalyst To Enhance Hydrogen Evolution Reaction.

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ACS applied materials & interfaces, ISSN: 1944-8252, Vol: 7, Issue: 41, Page: 23328-35

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Nikam, Revannath Dnyandeo; Lu, Ang-Yu; Sonawane, Poonam Ashok; Kumar, U. Rajesh; Yadav, Kanchan; Li, Lain-Jong; Chen, Yit Tsong
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Materials Science; 3D heterostructures; 3D MoO2 conductive core; CVD growth; electrocatalyst; hydrogen evolution reaction; MoS2 nanosheets
article description
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is a promising catalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) because of its unique nature to supply active sites in the reaction. However, the low density of active sites and their poor electrical conductivity have limited the performance of MoS2 in HER. In this work, we synthesized MoS2 nanosheets on three-dimensional (3D) conductive MoO2 via a two-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reaction. The 3D MoO2 structure can create structural disorders in MoS2 nanosheets (referred to as 3D MoS2/MoO2), which are responsible for providing the superior HER activity by exposing tremendous active sites of terminal disulfur of S2(-2) (in MoS2) as well as the backbone conductive oxide layer (of MoO2) to facilitate an interfacial charge transport for the proton reduction. In addition, the MoS2 nanosheets could protect the inner MoO2 core from the acidic electrolyte in the HER. The high activity of the as-synthesized 3D MoS2/MoO2 hybrid material in HER is attributed to the small onset overpotential of 142 mV, a largest cathodic current density of 85 mA cm(-2), a low Tafel slope of 35.6 mV dec(-1), and robust electrochemical durability.