Interferometric full-waveform inversion of time-lapse data

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SEG Technical Program Expanded Abstracts 2017, Page: 5814-5818

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Sinha, Mrinal
Society of Exploration Geophysicists
4D; full-waveform inversion
conference paper description
One of the key challenges associated with time-lapse surveys is ensuring the repeatability between the baseline and monitor surveys. Non-repeatability between the surveys is caused by varying environmental conditions over the course of different surveys. To overcome this challenge, we propose the use of interferometric full waveform inversion (IFWI) for inverting the velocity model from data recorded by baseline and monitor surveys. A known reflector is used as the reference reflector for IFWI, and the data are naturally redatumed to this reference reflector using natural reflections as the redatuming operator. This natural redatuming mitigates the artifacts introduced by the repeatability errors that originate above the reference reflector.