Large-scale true triaxial apparatus for geophysical studies in fractured rock
- Citation data:
Geotechnical Testing Journal, ISSN: 0149-6115, Vol: 41, Issue: 4, Page: 821-829
- Publication Year:
- Carlos Santamarina
- Earth and Planetary Sciences; geophysics; rock mechanics; hydraulic fracturing; true triaxial; fractured rock; jointed rock; rock testing; fracture network; p-wave; load frame
The study of fractured rock masses in the laboratory remains challenging because of the large specimen sizes and bulky loading systems that are required. This article presents the design, structural analysis, and operation of a compact and self-reacting true triaxial device for fractured rock. The frame subjects a 50 cm by 50 cm by 50 cm fractured rock specimen to a maximum stress of 3 MPa along three independent axes. Concurrent measurements include long-wavelength P-wave propagation, passive acoustic emission monitoring, deformations, and thermal measurements. The device can accommodate diverse research, from rock mass properties and geophysical fractured rock characterizations, to coupled hydro-chemo-thermo-mechanical processes, drilling, and grouting. Preliminary wave propagation data gathered under isotropic and anisotropic stress conditions for an assembly of 4,000 rock blocks demonstrate the system's versatility and provide unprecedented information related to long-wavelength propagation in fractured rock under various stress anisotropies.