Rapid, high-temperature formation of large-scale rheomorphic structures in the 2.06 Ma Huckleberry Ridge Tuff, Idaho, USA

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Geology, ISSN: 0091-7613, Vol: 38, Issue: 3, Page: 263-266

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Geissman, John W; Holm, Daniel; Harlan, Stephen S; Embree, Glenn F
Geological Society of America; Digital Commons @ Kent State University Libraries
Earth and Planetary Sciences; paleomagnetism; magnetization; anisotropy; Geology
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In the Teton River Canyon, eastern Idaho, the ca. 2.06 Ma, 130-m-thick Huckleberry Ridge Tuff exhibits large-scale rheomorphic fold geometries defined by eutaxitic fabrics parallel to both the primary internal zonation and the basal contact with older strata. Paleomagnetic data from a large-amplitude (>150 m), northwest-trending, overturned fold near the failed Teton Dam indicate folding above maximum magnetization unblocking temperatures (>580C). The in situ characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) direction is indistinguishable from previous studies of undeformed Huckleberry Ridge Tuff, and a fold test is negative (k minimized at 100% unfolding). Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility data reveal magnetic foliation planes that dip northeast, roughly parallel to the axial surface of the fold. Because deformed and undeformed Huckleberry Ridge Tuff exposures preserve the same anomalous ChRM direction, large-scale rheomorphic structures in the tuff must have formed rapidly at high temperatures shortly after development of compaction fabrics. Post-welding, high-temperature deformation is consistent with field evidence indicating rapid, plastic secondary deformation of much of the tuff prior to devitrification. © 2010 Geological Society of America.