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- Hawaii Geothermal Project; proposals; geothermal exploration; drilling; geophysics; Puna; Hawaii; HGP; HGP-A; exploration
The Hawaii Geothermal Project was established to focus the resources of the State and the University of Hawaii on a coordinated research effort leading to the development of geothermal power on the Big Island of Hawaii. Phase I of the Project was initiated in the summer of 1973 with a $252,000 grant from NSF-RANN, supplemented by $100,000 each from the State and the County of Hawaii. This $452,000 budget was organized into a multidisciplinary research effort in the following program areas: (1) Geophysical exploratory surveys to define the most favorable areas for geothermal investigations; (2) Engineering - analytical models to assist in interpretation of geophysical results, and studies on energy recovery from hot brine; and (3) Socioeconomic - legal and regulatory aspects of ownership and administration of geothermal resources, and economic planning studies on the impact of geothermal power. An additional $340,000 grant was received for operational support for the Project through calendar year 1974. These funds are being used (1) to complete the exploratory surveys and support programs in Phase I; (2) to begin the establishment of environmental baselines; and (3) to initiate planning for Phase II -- the research drilling program. The $1,986,513 requested in this proposal for Phase II will provide continuing operational support during calendar year 1975 for the Geophysical, Engineering, and Environmental-Socioeconomic Programs, as well as launch the exploratory Research Drilling Program. At each potential geothermal area, it is the intent to drill a number of shallow holes, a smaller number of holes to a depth of 2,000 feet or so, and one deep hole to around 6,000 feet. The Hawaii Geothermal Project has the interest and support of both State and County governments, the business community, the utilities, and appropriate public interest groups. The potential is excellent that this significant research project involving education, private interests, and all levels of government will contribute to the technology base for exploiting geothermal energy, as well as develop a low-polluting power source to help Hawaii and the nation approach energy self-sufficiency.