Noggin-Mediated Retinal Induction Reveals a Novel Interplay Between Bone Morphogenetic Protein Inhibition, Transforming Growth Factor β, and Sonic Hedgehog Signaling.

Citation data:

Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), ISSN: 1549-4918, Vol: 33, Issue: 8, Page: 2496-508

Publication Year:
2015
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PMID:
25913744
DOI:
10.1002/stem.2043
Author(s):
Messina, Andrea, Lan, Lei, Incitti, Tania, Bozza, Angela, Andreazzoli, Massimiliano, Vignali, Robert, Cremisi, Federico, Bozzi, Yuri, Casarosa, Simona
Publisher(s):
Wiley-Blackwell
Tags:
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
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article description
It has long been known that the depletion of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is one of the key factors necessary for the development of anterior neuroectodermal structures. However, the precise molecular mechanisms that underlie forebrain regionalization are still not completely understood. Here, we show that Noggin1 is involved in the regionalization of anterior neural structures in a dose-dependent manner. Low doses of Noggin1 expand prosencephalic territories, while higher doses specify diencephalic and retinal regions at the expense of telencephalic areas. A similar dose-dependent mechanism determines the ability of Noggin1 to convert pluripotent cells in prosencephalic or diencephalic/retinal precursors, as shown by transplant experiments and molecular analyses. At a molecular level, the strong inhibition of BMP signaling exerted by high doses of Noggin1 reinforces the Nodal/transforming growth factor (TGF)β signaling pathway, leading to activation of Gli1 and Gli2 and subsequent activation of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signaling. We propose a new role for Noggin1 in determining specific anterior neural structures by the modulation of TGFβ and SHH signaling.

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