Faezeh Marzbanrad, Chandan K. Karmakar, Ahsan H. Khandoker, Marimuthu Palaniswami, Toshio Moritani, Herbert F. Jelinek
Springer Nature
Engineering, Chemical Engineering
book chapter description
Multi-scale measures have been used extensively to characterize non-linear dynamics of heart beats. However a physiological interpretation of the exponents associated with various scales of these measures and the role of the sympathetic and parasympathetic activities have not been attempted. In this study three multi-scale measures were compared at different scales in a pharmacological autonomic blockade experiment, starting with a control phase. It was then followed by injection of propranolol causing sympathetic blockade and injection of atropine resulting in the blockade of both sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways. Multiscale Entropy (MSE), Multi Fractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) and Renyi Entropy (RE) were compared using a paired test statistics. The measures performed differently depending on the scale factors and RE showed the best results indicating a good discrimination particularly at higher scale exponents. This study provides a basis for understanding the effect of autonomic activity on multi-scale measures with respect to changes in parasympathetic and sympathetic activity.

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