Serological evidence of type 2 (North American genotype) porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in Nepal.

Citation data:

Tropical animal health and production, ISSN: 1573-7438, Vol: 48, Issue: 3, Page: 663-6

Publication Year:
2016
Usage 19
Full Text Views 12
Abstract Views 6
Link-outs 1
Captures 3
Readers 3
Social Media 1
Tweets 1
Citations 1
Citation Indexes 1
PMID:
26712360
DOI:
10.1007/s11250-015-0986-1
Author(s):
Sharma, Barun Kumar; Manandhar, Salina; Devleesschauwer, Brecht
Publisher(s):
Springer Nature
Tags:
Veterinary; Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Most Recent Tweet View All Tweets
article description
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has spread throughout Asia, causing significant losses to commercial farmers and smallholders. However, little is known about PRRS in Nepal, a South Asian country with a gradually increasing pig industry. In 2011, a pilot project was initiated to identify the status of PRRSV in pigs of the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Out of 98 serum samples, 31 (32 %; 95 % CI 23-42 %) were found positive by ELISA. All positive samples belonged to the type 2 (North American) genotype. Molecular evaluation by real-time PCR however did not yield positive results. At the herd level, seropositivity was associated with a history of abortion and premature birth. Veterinarians, farmers and government should be aware of this threat to the Nepalese pig industry and initiate an appropriate response.