Hydrothermal pretreatment of bamboo sawdust using microwave irradiation.
- Citation data:
Bioresource technology, ISSN: 1873-2976, Vol: 247, Page: 234-241
- Publication Year:
- Chemical Engineering; Environmental Science; Energy
In the present study, the effect of temperature and residence time during microwave hydrothermal pretreatment (MHT) on hydrochar properties and pyrolysis behaviors was investigated. Experimental results indicated that higher heating value (HHV) and fixed carbon content gradually increased with increased pretreatment severity. Obvious reduction of oxygen content was found under MHT at 230°C-15min and 210°C-35min. Although lower mass yield was observed under severe conditions, corresponding energy yield was relatively higher. Crystallinity indexes of hydrochar demonstrated an upward trend with increased residence time. Unlike hydroxyl group, dissociation of acetyls was more favorable under prolonged residence time rather than increased temperature. Peaks in thermogravimetric and derivative thermogravimetric curves shifted to higher temperature region under severe conditions, indicating better thermal stability. Py-GC/MS analysis suggested that acids content was decreased but sugars increased with increased MHT severity. Moreover, compared to temperature, residence time was mainly responsible for acetic acid formation.