Paper-based chemical and biological sensors: Engineering aspects.
- Citation data:
Biosensors & bioelectronics, ISSN: 1873-4235, Vol: 77, Page: 249-63
- Publication Year:
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology; Engineering; Chemistry
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Remarkable efforts have been dedicated to paper-based chemosensors and biosensors over the last few years, mainly driven by the promise of reaching the best trade-off between performance, affordability and simplicity. Because of the low-cost and rapid prototyping of these sensors, recent research has been focused on providing affordable diagnostic devices to the developing world. The recent progress in sensitivity, multi-functionality and integration of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (µPADs), increasingly suggests that this technology is not only attractive in resource-limited environments but it also represents a serious challenger to silicon, glass and polymer-based biosensors. This review discusses the design, chemistry and engineering aspects of these developments, with a focus on the past few years.