The external wealth of nations mark II: Revised and extended estimates of foreign assets and liabilities, 1970–2004

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Journal of International Economics, ISSN: 0022-1996, Vol: 73, Issue: 2, Page: 223-250

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Philip R. Lane; Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti
Elsevier BV
Economics, Econometrics and Finance
article description
We construct estimates of external assets and liabilities for 145 countries for 1970–2004. We describe our estimation methods and key features of the data at the country and global level. We focus on trends in net and gross external positions, and the composition of international portfolios. We document the increasing importance of equity financing and the improvement in the external position for emerging markets, and the differing pace of financial integration between advanced and developing economies. We also show the existence of a global discrepancy between estimated foreign assets and liabilities, and identify the asset categories accounting for this discrepancy.