After the tide: Commodity currencies and global trade

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Journal of Monetary Economics, ISSN: 0304-3932, Vol: 85, Page: 69-86

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Robert Ready; Nikolai Roussanov; Colin Ward
Elsevier BV
Economics, Econometrics and Finance
article description
The decade prior to the Great Recession saw a boom in global trade and rising transportation costs. High-yielding commodity exporters׳ currencies appreciated, boosting carry trade profits. The Global Recession sharply reversed these trends. We interpret these facts with a two-country general equilibrium model that features specialization in production and endogenous fluctuations in trade costs. Slow adjustment in the shipping sector generates boom–bust cycles in freight rates and, as a consequence, in currency risk premia. We validate these predictions using global shipping data. Our calibrated model explains about 57% of the narrowing of interest rate differentials post-crisis.