Optimization of process parameters for spark plasma sintering of nano structured SAF 2205 composite

Citation data:

Journal of Materials Research and Technology, ISSN: 2238-7854, Vol: 7, Issue: 2, Page: 126-134

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Samuel Ranti Oke; Oladeji Oluremi Ige; Oluwasegun Eso Falodun; Babatunde Abiodun Obadele; Mxolisi Brendon Shongwe; Peter Apata Olubambi
Elsevier BV
Materials Science
article description
This research optimized spark plasma sintering (SPS) process parameters in terms of sintering temperature, holding time and heating rate for the development of a nano-structured duplex stainless steel (SAF 2205 grade) reinforced with titanium nitride (TiN). The mixed powders were sintered using an automated spark plasma sintering machine (model HHPD-25, FCT GmbH, Germany). Characterization was performed using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Density and hardness of the composites were investigated. The XRD result showed the formation of FeN 0.068. SEM/EDS revealed the presence of nano ranged particles of TiN segregated at the grain boundaries of the duplex matrix. A decrease in hardness and densification was observed when sintering temperature and heating rate were 1200 °C and 150 °C/min respectively. The optimum properties were obtained in composites sintered at 1150 °C for 15 min and 100 °C/min. The composite grades irrespective of the process parameters exhibited similar shrinkage behavior, which is characterized by three distinctive peaks, which is an indication of good densification phenomena.