Rapid fabrication and characterization of AISI 304 stainless steels modified with Cu additions by additive alloy melting (ADAM)

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Journal of Materials Research and Technology, ISSN: 2238-7854, Vol: 7, Issue: 4, Page: 450-460

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Miguel Cristobal; David San-Martin; Carlos Capdevila; José Antonio Jiménez; Srdjan Milenkovic
Elsevier BV
Materials Science
article description
Rapid alloy prototyping is quickly emerging as a manufacturing approach to design novel structural alloys since allows producing low volume of high quality castings quickly at low cost. Thus, a large number of alloys can be produced and tested for finding the optimal composition in an alloy system. In this work, a new high throughput method for rapid alloy manufacturing has been developed and employed to cast AISI 304 stainless steel samples modified with an addition of Cu in the range of 1–4 wt.%. The homogeneity of the microstructure and chemical composition of as-cast materials has been characterized at the macro- and micro-scale, using optical and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction and electron probe microanalysis. At the macro-scale, no compositional variations have been found, while variations in the distribution of phases in the microstructure were related to variations in the cooling rate and thermal path undergone across the solidifying ingot. At the micro-scale, it has been found that segregation of austenite and ferrite stabilizing elements occurs during solidification, as expected from the phase diagram. Additive alloy melting (ADAM) has been demonstrated to be a suitable, rapid and versatile casting method for manufacturing metallic samples on a laboratory scale with good chemical homogeneity at the macro-scale.