Adenylyl cyclase 5 deficiency reduces renal cyclic AMP and cyst growth in an orthologous mouse model of polycystic kidney disease.
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Kidney international, ISSN: 1523-1755, Vol: 93, Issue: 2, Page: 403-415
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Cyclic AMP promotes cyst growth in polycystic kidney disease (PKD) by stimulating cell proliferation and fluid secretion. Previously, we showed that the primary cilium of renal epithelial cells contains a cAMP regulatory complex comprising adenylyl cyclases 5 and 6 (AC5/6), polycystin-2, A-kinase anchoring protein 150, protein kinase A, and phosphodiesterase 4C. In Kif3a mutant cells that lack primary cilia, the formation of this regulatory complex is disrupted and cAMP levels are increased. Inhibition of AC5 reduces cAMP levels in Kif3a mutant cells, suggesting that AC5 may mediate the increase in cAMP in PKD. Here, we examined the role of AC5 in an orthologous mouse model of PKD caused by kidney-specific ablation of Pkd2. Knockdown of AC5 with siRNA attenuated the increase in cAMP levels in Pkd2-deficient renal epithelial cells. Levels of cAMP and AC5 mRNA transcripts were elevated in the kidneys of mice with collecting duct-specific ablation of Pkd2. Compared with Pkd2 single mutant mice, AC5/Pkd2 double mutant mice had less kidney enlargement, lower cyst index, reduced kidney injury, and improved kidney function. Importantly, cAMP levels and cAMP-dependent signaling were reduced in the kidneys of AC5/Pkd2 double mutant compared to the kidneys of Pkd2 single mutant mice. Additionally, we localized endogenous AC5 in the primary cilium of renal epithelial cells and showed that ablation of AC5 reduced ciliary elongation in the kidneys of Pkd2 mutant mice. Thus, AC5 contributes importantly to increased renal cAMP levels and cyst growth in Pkd2 mutant mice, and inhibition of AC5 may be beneficial in the treatment of PKD.