Age and reemployment success after job loss: An integrative model and meta-analysis.

Citation data:

Psychological bulletin, ISSN: 1939-1455, Vol: 142, Issue: 4, Page: 400-26

Publication Year:
2016
Usage 647
Abstract Views 366
Link-outs 280
Full Text Views 1
Captures 70
Readers 41
Exports-Saves 29
Mentions 1
References 1
Citations 14
Citation Indexes 14
Repository URL:
https://uta.influuent.utsystem.edu/en/publications/954ffd65-fd44-407e-a8e3-23fec29cb954
PMID:
26011790
DOI:
10.1037/bul0000019
Author(s):
Wanberg, Connie R; Kanfer, Ruth; Hamann, Darla J; Zhang, Zhen
Publisher(s):
American Psychological Association (APA)
Tags:
Psychology; Arts and Humanities; Age; Aging; Job loss; Job search; Unemployment; Psychology(all); History and Philosophy of Science
article description
Despite widespread popular concern about what it means to be over 40 and unemployed, little attention has been paid in the literature to clarifying the role of age within the job seeking experience. Extending theory, we propose mechanisms by which chronological age affects job search and reemployment outcomes after job loss. Through a meta-analysis and examination of 2 supplemental datasets, we examine 5 questions: (a) How strong is the relationship between age and reemployment speed? (b) Does age disadvantage individuals with respect to other reemployment outcomes? (c) Is the relationship between age and reemployment outcomes mediated by job search activities? (d) Are these relationships generalizable? and (e) Are these relationships linear or curvilinear? Our findings provide evidence for a negative relationship between age and reemployment status and speed across job search decade, world region, and unemployment rate, with the strength of the negative relationship becoming stronger over age 50. Job search self-efficacy and job search intensity partially mediate the relationship between age and both reemployment status and speed. (PsycINFO Database Record